Sector: Real Estate
The Real Estate subsector consists of the Home Builders, Real Estate, and Real Estate Services industries.
- The Home Builders industry is comprised of companies that develop new homes and residential communities. Development efforts generally include the acquisition of land, site preparation, the construction of homes, and home sales. The majority of industry activity is focused on the development and sale of single-family homes, which are typically part of company-designed residential communities. A smaller segment is centered on townhomes, condominiums, multi-family housing, and mixed-use development. Many companies in the industry offer financing services to individual homebuyers. The industry is fragmented, as there is a large number of developers of all sizes, which vary in company structure and geographic focus. Listed companies tend to be significantly larger, and more integrated than the numerous privately held home builders.
- The Real Estate industry is composed of companies that own, develop, and generally operate income-producing real estate assets. Companies in this industry are commonly structured as real estate investment trusts (REITs) and operate in a wide range of segments within the real estate industry, including residential, retail, office, health care, industrial, and hotel properties. REITs typically focus on the direct ownership of real estate assets, thereby providing investors with the opportunity to obtain real estate exposure without direct asset ownership and management. Although REITs are often concentrated in one segment of the Real Estate industry, many REITs are diversified through investment in multiple property types.
- The Real Estate Services industry is composed of companies that provide a range of services to real estate owners, tenants, investors, and developers. Primary services include property management, brokerage, appraisal, and information services for real estate owners. Property management services may include leasing, tenant relations, building maintenance, and building security. Many companies also provide brokerage services, facilitating sales and leasing transactions. Appraisals and other advisory or information services are other specialized services that are commonly provided to clients. Companies in the industry play important roles in the real estate value chain, which is a substantial part of the global economy.